Canada’s next Permanent Resident Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024
News Release – February 14, 2022 – Ottawa
The Honourable Minister Sean Fraser, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, announced the 2022-2024 Immigration Levels plan. Canada will increase target to 432,000 immigrants in 2022. By 2024, Canada plans to welcome 451,000 new immigrants.
“This levels plan is a balance of needs for our country and our international obligations. It focuses on attracting skilled workers who will contribute to Canada’s economy and tackle the labour shortage, while recognizing the importance of family reunification, and helping the world’s most vulnerable populations through refugee resettlement. Our focus remains on supporting our economic resurgence through increased retention of newcomers in regions with real economic, labour and demographic challenges. I’m proud of what Canada has achieved thus far, and I want wait to see how newcomers will continue to make Canada a top destination of choice.”
– The Honourable Minister Sean Fraser, P.C., M.P., Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
The annual Immigration Levels Plan determines how many permanent residents Canada aims to admit over the course of a calendar year. The plan is developed in consultation with provinces and territories, stakeholder organizations and the public.
The following levels of new permanent residents (PR) will be welcomed by Canada over the coming 3 years:
Note: The previous immigration plan set targets of 401,000 in Year 2021 and 411,000 in Year 2022 and 421,000 in Year 2023.
Selection of applicants is categorized based on:
• economic contributions
• family reunification
• support for refugees, protected persons and
• humanitarian and compassionate needs.
It is estimated that approximately 56% of new immigrants will arrive under the economic class pathways (Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Program, and Temporary to Permanent Residence) stream in 2022.
IRCC is aiming to welcome 83,500 new immigrants via the PNP stream in 2022; thus rendering the PNP to be the main admissions program for economic class immigrants. On the other hand, Express Entry admissions has been cut in half for the year 2022 but IRCC aims to return to normal Express Entry admissions level by 2024.
• For now, Express Entry-aligned PNP draws are done every two weeks. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, all provinces have continued to nominate applicants under their specific PNP.
• The admission targets in 2022 under family class will comprise of 24%:
25,000 newcomers are set to arrive under the Parents and Grandparents program (PGP) which has slightly increased by 1,500 additional spots.
80,000 under spouses, partners, and children program.
• Refugee and Humanitarian program will cater for the remaining 20% of immigrants. There is a 5% increase compared to the last immigration levels plan. Canada is looking to resettle 40,000 Afghan refugees in the upcoming years. Once the Afghan resettlement operation target is achieved, IRCC will reduce its intake.
According to the Canada’s main Immigration law. The immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), the immigration plan must be announced by November 01 each year during the parliament sitting. However due to the election held in September 2021, same did not take place last year.
This Immigration level plan is a guide for Canada’s immigration system. It summarizes the total number of immigrants that Canada plans to welcome under its various Federal, provincial, and territorial programs. The operations is then adjusted by IRCC and the provinces and territories based on the plan.
Why is immigration important to Canada?
Immigration had been a means to support population, economic and cultural growth in Canada for over a century. Newcomers to Canada have been a major source of ongoing growth and prosperity. Besides those who came to Canada to stay permanently, many individuals also came to Canada as visitors, international students or temporary foreign worker.
Regardless of their pathway into Canada, these individuals have contributed in a meaningful way to Canada’s economy, supported the success and growth of various industries and contributed to Canada’s diversity and multiculturalism.
Canada has an aging population and a low birth rate. It is expected that Canada’s population growth will rely exclusively on immigration by the early 2030s.