Canada’s next Permanent Resident Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023
News Release – October 30, 2020 – Ottawa
The Honourable Marco Mendicino, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, announced the 2021 – 2023 Immigration Levels plan.
The 2021–2023 Immigration Levels Plan has been developed considering the evolving situation of COVID-19 and its implications for permanent resident admissions.
“Immigration is essential to getting us through the pandemic, but also to our short-term economic recovery and our long-term economic growth. Canadians have seen how newcomers are playing an outsized role in our hospitals and care homes and helping us to keep food on the table. As we look to recovery, newcomers create jobs not just by giving our businesses the skills they need to thrive, but also by starting businesses themselves. Our plan will help to address some of our most acute labour shortages and to grow our population to keep Canada competitive on the world stage.”
– The Honourable Marco E. L. Mendicino, P.C., M.P., Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
The annual Immigration Levels Plan determines how many permanent residents Canada aims to admit over the course of a calendar year. The plan is developed in consultation with provinces and territories, stakeholder organizations and the public.
The following levels of new permanent residents (PR) will be welcomed by Canada over the coming 3 years:
Note: The previous immigration plan set targets of 351,000 in the Year 2021 and 361,000 in the Year 2022.
Selection of applicants is categorized based on:
• economic contributions;
• family reunification;
• support for refugees, protected persons and
• humanitarian and compassionate needs.
III. Refugees and protected persons
IV. Humanitarian and Others
The notional targets and ranges for 2022 and 2023 will be confirmed or adjusted by November 1 of each year.
Canada has set an objective to increase Francophone immigration to reach a target of 4.4% French-speaking immigrants outside Quebec by 2023.
This range indicates how many admissions within the federal levels plan would be necessary to meet that target in 2023, based on the overall ranges for admissions outside of Quebec. Once Quebec tables its 2023 levels plan, this range may require updating.
It is to be recalled that in 2019, about 8,500 French-speaking permanent residents were admitted to Canada outside of Quebec, representing 2.82% of all permanent residents admitted in Canada outside of Quebec.
The pandemic has highlighted the contribution of immigrants to the well-being of Canada’s communities and across all sectors of the economy. The health-care system relies on immigrants to keep Canadians safe and healthy. Other industries, such as information technology companies and our farmers and producers, also rely on the talent of newcomers to maintain supply chains, expand their businesses and, in turn, create more jobs for Canadians.
This multi-year level plan recognizes the importance of family reunification and Canada’s global commitment to protecting those most at risk through refugee resettlement.
Highlights of the plan include:
an increase in admissions over the 3 years of the plan to make up the shortfall in 2020
a focus on economic growth, with about 60% of admissions to come from the Economic Class
a continued focus on innovative and community-driven approaches to address diverse labour and demographic needs across the country
a renewed commitment to capacity-building and digital transformation in Canada’s immigration system, to support operations and mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on the processing of applications
additional points for French-speaking candidates under Express Entry, to promote the growth of Francophone communities outside of Quebec
a commitment to admit up to 500 refugees over the next 2 years through the Economic Mobility Pathways Project, an innovative approach that helps qualified refugees apply for permanent residence through existing economic immigration pathways
a pathway to permanent residency for eligible asylum claimants who were working on the front lines of the pandemic between March 13 and August 14, 2020, providing direct care to patients in health-care institutions
Why is immigration important to Canada?
Immigration had been a means to support population, economic, and cultural growth in Canada for over a century. Newcomers to Canada have been a major source of ongoing growth and prosperity. Besides those who came to Canada to stay permanently, many individuals also came to Canada as visitors, international students, or temporary foreign workers.
Regardless of their pathway into Canada, these individuals have contributed in a meaningful way to Canada’s economy, supported the success and growth of various industries, and contributed to Canada’s diversity and multiculturalism.
Canada has an aging population and a low birth rate. It is expected that Canada’s population growth will rely exclusively on immigration by the early 2030s.